There are drugs and tools that help eradicate this crippling killer, the number one cause of death being heart disease. There are so many people suffering from some form of cardiovascular disease in this country and this condition has many different forms.
For many of these deaths, sudden cardiac arrest is responsible. The abnormal heart rhythm ventricular fibrillation is the main cause of sudden cardiac arrest. When this occurs, the blood flows into the brain, vital organs, and cells stop. Immediate help is needed to restore normal heart rhythm. This is when automatic external defibrillator, also known as AEDs, are required to work. When patients in the hospital recover from this fibrillation, they are treated with defibrillation rapidly and can survive. If a person dies from the abnormal rhythms without defibrillation at home or anywhere other than a hospital setting, they can die. The chance of resuscitation is reduced by about 10 percent per minute that ventricular fibrillation will occur. Typically, if it exceeds 10 minutes, the risk is gone.
Fortunately, back in the 1980s, the automated external defibrillators came into play in saving lives outside the hospital environment. The device itself can monitor the patient’s heart rhythm and if it becomes erratic, the operator can automatically administer a defibrillation shock. The automated external defibrillators were first used by EMS technicians and ambulances to resuscitate the patient before he even entered the hospital. This alone has saved many lives due to a rapid response of less than 10 minutes.
In the use of automated external defibrillators, the public access defibrillation, also known as PAD, became another step. The proper use of these automated external defibrillators was found to be easily taught and easily practiced by the general public. In some public places, there are real automatic external defibrillators placed on a wall that can be used by a patient when someone has a heart attack. Such locations might be an airport, a railway station, a shopping mall, or other busy places. Nevertheless, in different states, the use of these automated external defibrillators has different rules. They may be calling for more formal training, among other factors. But anyone who can save a life is really using these defibrillators as the PAD’s main aim.
Only the AED must be turned on by a fast ON button. A computerized voice will guide you on how the defibrillator works. Electrode pads are included with the defibrillator to be put on the patient’s chest and the AED’s voice is guided to where it should be positioned. Sometimes the pad connectors need to be plugged in to the AED, and the voice will also direct you if and when this is needed.
The defibrillator will immediately check the person’s heart rhythm and assess the need for shock. Never contact the person while the computer is running as it is possible to change the reading. If the defibrillator feels the shock is required, the voice will tell you when to press the correct button to send the shock. Once the shock is complete, the computer will tell you to perform CPR.